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Utah

Utah is a western state of the United States. It was the 45th state admitted to the Union, on January 4, 1896. Approximately 80% of Utah's 2,736,424 people live along the Wasatch Front, centering on Salt Lake City. This leaves vast expanses of the state nearly uninhabited, making the population the sixth most urbanized in the U.S. The name "Utah" is derived from the name of the Ute tribe and means "people of the mountains." in Ute. Utah is bordered by Arizona on the south, Colorado on the east, Wyoming on the northeast, Idaho on the north and Nevada on the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico.

Utah is one of the most religiously homogeneous states in the Union. Between 41% and 60% of Utahns are reported to be members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (also known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church), which greatly influences Utah culture and daily life.[7][8]

The state is a center of transportation, information technology and research, government services, mining, and a major tourist destination for outdoor recreation. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's population estimates, Utah was the fastest growing state in the United States as of 2008.[9] St. George, Utah was the fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States from 2000–2005.[

History
This section requires expansion.

Main article: History of Utah
[edit] The Mormon settlement

Brigham Young led the first Mormon pioneers to the Great Salt Lake.Following the assassination of Joseph Smith, Jr., in Carthage, Illinois, in 1844, the more than 11,000[11] Latter Day Saints remaining in Nauvoo, IL struggled in conflict with neighbors until Brigham Young, the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, emerged as the leader of the largest portion. (See Succession crisis.)

Brigham Young and the first band of Mormon pioneers came to the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. Over the next 22 years, more than 70,000 pioneers crossed the plains and settled in Utah.[12]

For the first few years Brigham Young and the thousands of early settlers of Salt Lake City struggled to survive. The barren desert land was deemed by the Mormons as desirable as a place they could practice their religion without interference.

Utah was the source of many pioneer settlements located elsewhere in the West. Salt Lake City was the hub of a "far-flung commonwealth"[13] of Mormon settlements. Fed by a constant supply of church converts coming from the East and around the world, Church leaders often assigned groups of church members to establish settlements throughout the West. Beginning with settlements along Utah's Wasatch front (Salt Lake City, Bountiful and Weber Valley, and Provo and Utah Valley), irrigation enabled the establishment of fairly large pioneer populations in an area that Jim Bridger had advised Young would be inhospitable for the cultivation of crops because of frost.[14] Throughout the remainder of the 1800s, Mormon pioneers called by Brigham Young would leave Salt Lake City and establish hundreds of other settlements in Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Arizona, Wyoming, California, Canada, and Mexico - including in Las Vegas, Nevada; Franklin, Idaho (the first white settlement in Idaho); San Bernardino, California; Star Valley, Wyoming; and Carson Valley, Nevada.

Prominent settlements in Utah included St. George, Logan, and Manti (where settlers raised the first three temples in Utah, each built many years before the larger and better known temple built in Salt Lake City was completed in 1892), as well as Parowan, Cedar City, Bluff, Moab, Vernal, Fillmore (which served as the territorial capital between 1850 and 1856), Nephi, Levan, Spanish Fork, Springville, Provo Bench (now Orem), Pleasant Grove, American Fork, Lehi, Sandy, Murray, Jordan, Centerville, Farmington, Huntsville, Kaysville, Grantsville, Tooele, Roy, Brigham City, and many other smaller towns and settlements. Young had an expansionist's view of the territory that he and the Mormon pioneers were settling, calling it Deseret - which according to the Book of Mormon was supposed to have translated into "honeybee" - hence the beehive which can still be found on the Utah flag, and the state's motto, "Industry."[15]

Utah was Mexican territory when the first pioneers arrived in 1847. Early in the Mexican-American War in late 1846, the United States had captured New Mexico and California, and the whole Southwest became U.S. territory upon the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848. The treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on March 11. The Utah Territory was created with the Compromise of 1850, and Fillmore was designated the capital. It was given the name Utah after the Ute tribe of Native Americans. Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856.

Disputes between the Mormon inhabitants and the US Government intensified due to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' practice of plural marriage among its members. The Mormons were pushing for the establishment of the State of Deseret. The U.S. Government, which was reluctant to admit a state the size of the proposed Deseret into the union, opposed the polygamous practices of the Mormons.

Members of the LDS Church were viewed as un-American and rebellious when news of their polygamous practices spread. In 1857, after rumors of rebellion spread, the government sent troops on the "Utah expedition" to quell the supposed rebellion and to replace Brigham Young as territorial governor with Alfred Cumming. The resulting conflict is known as the Utah War.

As troops approached Salt Lake in northern Utah, nervous Mormon settlers attacked and killed 120 immigrants from Arkansas in southern Utah. The attack became known as the Mountain Meadows massacre. The massacre became a point of contention between LDS leaders and the federal government for decades. Only one person, John D. Lee, was ever convicted of the murders, and he was executed at the massacre site.

Before troops led by Albert Sidney Johnston entered the territory, Brigham Young ordered all residents of Salt Lake City to evacuate southward to Utah Valley and sent out a force, known as the Nauvoo Legion, to delay the government's advance. Although wagons and supplies were burned, eventually the troops arrived, and Young surrendered official control to Cumming, although most subsequent commentators claim that Young retained true power in the territory. A steady stream of governors appointed by the president quit the position, often citing the traditions of their supposed territorial government. By agreement with Young, Johnston established Fort Floyd 40 miles (60 km) away from Salt Lake City, to the southwest.

Salt Lake City was the last link of the First Transcontinental Telegraph, completed in October 1861. Brigham Young was among the first to send a message, along with Abraham Lincoln and other officials.

Because of the American Civil War, federal troops were pulled out of Utah Territory, leaving the territory in LDS hands until Patrick E. Connor arrived with a regiment of California volunteers in 1862. Connor established Fort Douglas just 3 miles (5 km) east of Salt Lake City and encouraged his people to discover mineral deposits to bring more non-Mormons into the state. Minerals were discovered in Tooele County and miners began to flock to the territory.

Beginning in 1865, Utah's Black Hawk War developed into the deadliest conflict in the territory's history. Chief Antonga Black Hawk died in 1870, but fights continued to break out until additional federal troops were sent in to suppress the Ghost Dance of 1872. The war is unique among Indian Wars because it was a three-way conflict, with mounted Timpanogos Utes led by Antonga Black Hawk exploited by federal and LDS authorities.

On May 10, 1869, the First Transcontinental Railroad was completed at Promontory Summit, north of the Great Salt Lake. The railroad brought increasing numbers of people into the state and several influential businesspeople made fortunes in the territory.

During the 1870s and 1880s laws were passed to punish polygamists, and in the 1890 Manifesto, the LDS Church banned polygamy. When Utah applied for statehood again it was accepted. One of the conditions for granting Utah statehood was that a ban on polygamy be written into the state constitution. This was a condition required of other western states that were admitted into the Union later. Statehood was officially granted on January 4, 1896.

[edit] 1900s to present
Beginning in the early 1900s, with the establishment of such national parks as Bryce Canyon National Park and Zion National Park, Utah became known for its natural beauty. Southern Utah became a popular filming spot for arid, rugged scenes, and such natural landmarks as Delicate Arch and "the Mittens" of Monument Valley are instantly recognizable to most national residents. During the 1950s, '60s, and '70s, with the construction of the Interstate highway system, accessibility to the southern scenic areas was made easier.

Beginning in 1939, with the establishment of Alta Ski Area, Utah has become world-renowned for its skiing. The dry, powdery snow of the Wasatch Range is considered some of the best skiing in the world (thus the license plate, "the Greatest Snow on Earth").[16][17] Salt Lake City won the bid for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in 1995, and this has served as a great boost to the economy. The ski resorts have increased in popularity, and many of the Olympic venues scattered across the Wasatch Front continue to be used for sporting events. This also spurred the development of the light-rail system in the Salt Lake Valley, known as TRAX, and the re-construction of the freeway system around the city.

During the late 20th century, the state grew quickly. In the 1970s growth was phenomenal in the suburbs. Sandy was one of the fastest-growing cities in the country at that time. Today, many areas of Utah are seeing phenomenal growth. Northern Davis, southern and western Salt Lake, Summit, eastern Tooele, Utah, Wasatch, and Washington counties are all growing very quickly. Transportation and urbanization are major issues in politics as development consumes agricultural land and wilderness areas.

[edit] Geography
See also: List of Utah counties

Delicate Arch, Arches National Park, UtahUtah is generally rocky with three distinct geological regions: the Rocky Mountains, the Great Basin, and the Colorado Plateau. Utah is a great geographical tourism site. Utah is known for its natural diversity and is home to features ranging from arid deserts with sand dunes to thriving pine forests in mountain valleys. Utah is one of the Four Corners states, and is bordered by Idaho in the north, Wyoming in the north and east; by Colorado in the east; at a single point by New Mexico to the southeast (at the Four Corners Monument); by Arizona in the south; and by Nevada in the west. It covers an area of 84,899 sq mi (219,890 km2). The state is one of only three U.S. states (with Colorado and Wyoming) that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries.


Alpine Loop near Sundance in the fall.One of Utah's defining characteristics is the variety of its terrain. Running down the northern center of the state is the Wasatch Range, which rises to heights of about 12,000 ft (3,700 m) above sea level. Portions of these mountains receive more than 500 in (13,000 mm) of snow each year and are home to world-renowned ski resorts, made popular by the light, fluffy snow, which is considered good for skiing. In the northeastern section of the state, running east to west, are the Uinta Mountains, which rise to heights of 13,000 feet (3,950 m) or more. The highest point in the state, Kings Peak, at 13,528 feet (4,123 m),[3] lies within the Uinta Mountains. At the western base of the Wasatch Range is the Wasatch Front, a series of valleys and basins that are home to the most populous parts of the state. The major cities of Ogden, Salt Lake City, Layton, West Valley City, Sandy, West Jordan, Orem, and Provo are located within this region, which stretches approximately from Brigham City at the north end to Nephi at the south end. Approximately 75 percent of the population of the state lies in this corridor, and urban sprawl continues to expand along the edges of these valleys.

Western Utah is mostly arid desert with a basin and range topography. Small mountain ranges and rugged terrain punctuate the landscape. The Bonneville Salt Flats are an exception, being comparatively flat as a result of once forming the bed of ancient Lake Bonneville. Great Salt Lake, Utah Lake, Sevier Lake, Rush Lake and Utah Lake are all remnants of this ancient freshwater lake,[18] which once covered most of the eastern Great Basin. West of the Great Salt Lake, stretching to the Nevada border, lies the arid Great Salt Lake Desert. One exception to this aridity is Snake Valley, which is (relatively) lush due to large springs and wetlands fed from groundwater derived from snow melt in the Snake Range, Deep Creek Range, and other tall mountains to the west of Snake Valley. Great Basin National Park is just over the Nevada state line in the southern Snake Range. One of western Utah's most famous attractions is Notch Peak, the tallest limestone cliff in North America, located west of Delta.


Utah county boundariesMuch of the scenic southern and south eastern landscape (specifically the Colorado Plateau region) is sandstone, specifically Kayenta sandstone and Navajo sandstone. The Colorado River and its tributaries wind their way through the sandstone, creating some of the world's most striking and wild terrain (the area around the confluence of the Colorado and Green Rivers was the last to be mapped in the lower 48 United States). Wind and rain have also sculpted the soft sandstone over millions of years. Canyons, gullies, arches, pinnacles, buttes, bluffs, and mesas are the common sight throughout south-central and southeast Utah. This terrain is the central feature of protected state and federal parks such as Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion national parks, Cedar Breaks, Grand Staircase-Escalante, Hovenweep, and Natural Bridges national monuments, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area (site of the popular tourist destination, Lake Powell), Dead Horse Point and Goblin Valley state parks, and Monument Valley (a popular photographic and filming site). The Navajo Nation also extends into southeastern Utah.

Southwestern Utah is the lowest and hottest spot in Utah. It is known as Utah's Dixie because early settlers were able to grow limited amounts of cotton there. Beaverdam Wash in far southwestern Utah is the lowest point in the state, at 2,000 feet (610 m).[3] The northernmost portion of the Mojave Desert is also located in this area. Dixie is quickly becoming a popular recreational and retirement destination, and the population is growing rapidly. Just north of Dixie is the state's highest ski resort, Brian Head.

Eastern (northern quarter) Utah is a high-elevation area covered mostly by plateaus and basins. Economies are dominated by mining, oil shale, oil, and natural gas-drilling, ranching, and recreation. Much of eastern Utah is part of the Uintah and Ouray Indian Reservation. The most popular destination within northeastern Utah is Dinosaur National Monument near Vernal.

Like most of the Western and Southwestern states, the federal government owns much of the land in Utah. Over 70 percent of the land is either BLM land, Utah State Trustland, or U.S. National Forest, U.S. National Park, U.S. National Monument, National Recreation Area or U.S. Wilderness Area.[19]

[edit] Climate

Joshua Trees, yucca plants, and Jumping Cholla cactus occupy the far southwest corner of the state in the Mojave Desert.Utah features a dry, semi-arid to arid climate, although its many mountains feature a large variety of climates, with the highest points in the Uinta Mountains being above the timberline. The dry weather results from the state lying mostly in the rain shadow of the Sierra Nevada in California. The eastern half of the state lies in the rain shadow of the Wasatch Mountains. The primary source of precipitation for the state is the Pacific Ocean, with the state usually lying in the path of large Pacific storms from mid-October through April, although northern Utah often sees these large storms earlier and later. In summer, the state, especially southern and eastern Utah, lies in the path of monsoon moisture from the Gulf of California. Most of the lowland areas receive less than 12 inches (300 mm) of precipitation annually, although the I-15 corridor, including the densely-populated Wasatch Front, receive approximately 15 inches (380 mm). The Great Salt Lake Desert is the driest area of the state, with less than 5 inches (125 mm). Snowfall is common in all but the far southern valleys. Although St. George only receives about 3 inches (7.5 cm) per year, Salt Lake City sees about 60 inches (150 cm), enhanced by the lake-effect snow from the Great Salt Lake, which increases snowfall totals to the south, southeast, and east of the lake. Some areas of the Wasatch Range in the path of the lake-effect receive up to 700 inches (1,770 cm) per year. The consistently dry, fluffy, snow led Utah's ski industry to adopt the slogan "the Greatest Snow on Earth" in the 1980s. In the winter, temperature inversions are a phenomenon across Utah's low basins and valleys, leading to thick haze and fog that can sometimes last for weeks at a time, especially in the Uintah Basin.


Mountains near the Great Salt Lake in winter.Utah's temperatures are extreme, with cold temperatures in winter due to its elevation, and very hot summers statewide (with the exception of mountain areas and high mountain valleys). Utah is usually protected from major blasts of cold air by mountains lying north and east of the state, although major Arctic blasts can occasionally reach the state. Average January high temperatures range from around 30 °F (-1 °C) in some northern valleys to almost 55 °F (13 °C) in St. George. Temperatures dropping below 0 °F (-18 °C) should be expected on occasion in most areas of the state most years, although some areas see it often (for example, the town of Randolph averages about 50 days per year with temperatures dropping that low). In July, average highs range from about 85 °F (29 °C) to 100 °F (38 °C). However, the low humidity and high elevation typically leads to large temperature variations, leading to cool nights most summer days. The record high temperature in Utah was 118 °F (47 °C), recorded south of St. George on July 4, 2007,[20] and the record low was -69 °F (-56 °C), recorded at Peter's Sink in the Bear River Mountains of northern Utah on February 1, 1985.[21]

Utah, like most of the western United States, has few days of thunderstorms. On average there are fewer than 40 days of thunderstorm activity during the year, although these storms can be briefly intense when they do occur. They are most likely to occur during monsoon season from about mid-July through mid-September, especially in southern and eastern Utah. Dry lightning strikes and the general dry summer weather often spark wildfires in summer, while intense thunderstorms can lead to flash flooding, especially in the rugged terrain of southern Utah. Tornadoes are uncommon in Utah, with an average of two striking the state yearly, rarely higher than F1 intensity.[22] One exception of note, however, was the strong F2 Salt Lake City Tornado that sliced across the downtown metro area of Salt Lake City on August 11, 1999, striking large buildings and causing approximately $170 million in damage, and one fatality.[23]

[edit] Demographics
Historical populations
Census Pop. %±
1850 11,380 —
1860 40,273 253.9%
1870 86,336 114.4%
1880 143,963 66.7%
1890 210,779 46.4%
1900 276,749 31.3%
1910 373,351 34.9%
1920 449,396 20.4%
1930 507,847 13.0%
1940 550,310 8.4%
1950 688,862 25.2%
1960 890,627 29.3%
1970 1,059,273 18.9%
1980 1,461,037 37.9%
1990 1,722,850 17.9%
2000 2,233,169 29.6%
Est. 2008[2] 2,736,424 22.5%
The center of population of Utah is located in Utah County in the city of Lehi.[24] As of July 1, 2008 the Census Bureau estimated Utah had a population of 2,736,424.[2] In 2008, the US Census Bureau determined Utah to be the fastest growing state in the country in terms of population growth.[25]

Much of the population lives in cities and towns along the Wasatch Front, a metropolitan region that runs north-south with the Wasatch Mountains rising on the eastern side. Growth outside the Wasatch Front is also increasing. The St. George metropolitan area is currently the second-fastest growing in the country after the Las Vegas metropolitan area, while the Heber micropolitan area is also the second-fastest growing in the country (behind Palm Coast, Florida).[26]

Utah contains 5 metropolitan areas (Logan, Ogden-Clearfield, Salt Lake City, Provo-Orem, and St. George), and 5 micropolitan areas (Brigham City, Heber, Vernal, Price, and Cedar City).

[edit] Race and ancestry
Demographics of Utah (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 95.20% 1.14% 1.84% 2.20% 0.97%
2000 (Hispanic only) 8.62% 0.16% 0.26% 0.08% 0.05%
2005 (total population) 95.01% 1.32% 1.69% 2.40% 0.95%
2005 (Hispanic only) 10.39% 0.23% 0.26% 0.10% 0.05%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 10.37% 28.78% 2.04% 21.00% 8.53%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 8.09% 23.37% 0.78% 20.69% 8.43%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 33.30% 61.74% 9.53% 28.88% 10.45%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Utah Population Density MapThe largest ancestry groups in the state are:

29.0% English
14.9% Scandinavian (6.5% Danish, 4.3% Swedish)
11.5% German
6.8% American (Mostly British Descent)
Most Utahns are of Northern European descent.[27]

[edit] Religion
A majority of the state's residents are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commonly referred to as the Mormons or the LDS Church. As of 2007, the percentage of Utahns that are counted as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was 60.7 percent of the state's population and only 41.6 percent of them are active members. [7][28] Mormons now make up about 35%-40% of Salt Lake City,[7] while rural areas tend to be overwhelmingly Mormon. Though the LDS Church officially maintains a policy of neutrality in regards to political parties,[29] the church's doctrine has a strong regional influence on politics.[30] Another doctrine effect can be seen in Utah's high birth rate (25 percent higher than the national average; the highest for a state in the U.S.).[31] The Mormons in Utah tend to have conservative views when it comes to most political issues and the majority of voter-age Utahns are unaffiliated voters (60%) who vote overwhelmingly Republican.[32] John McCain polled 62.5% in the 2008 Presidential Election while 70.9% of Utahns opted for George W. Bush in 2004.


The LDS Salt Lake Temple, the primary attraction in the city's Temple Square.According to a report produced by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life the self-identified religious affiliations of Utahns over the age of 18 as of 2008 are[7]:

Latter Day Saint movement 58% (labeled as Mormon on survey)
Unaffiliated 16%
Catholic 10%
Evangelicals 7%
Mainline Protestants 6%
Black Protestant Churches 1%
No Answer 1%
Other Faiths 1%
Buddhism <.5%
Eastern Orthodox <.5%
Hinduism <.5%
Islam <.5%
Jehovah's Witnesses <.5%
Judaism <.5%
Non denominational <.5%
Other World Religions <.5%
Margin of error +/- 6%

[edit] Age and gender
Utah has a high total birth rate,[31] and the youngest population of any U.S. state. It is also one of the few non-Southern states that has more males than females.

In 2000, the gender makeup of Utah was:[33]

49.9 percent female
50.1 percent male
[edit] Economy
Main article: Economy of Utah

Utah Quarter released 2007.
Petroleum production is a large part of the economy in eastern Utah.
Bryce Canyon National Park is a major tourist attraction
Bridal Veil Falls in Provo Canyon between Orem and Heber City.According to the University of Utah the gross state product of Utah in 2005 was $92 billion, or 0.74% of the total United States GDP of $12.4 trillion for the same year. The per capita personal income was $24,977 in 2005. Major industries of Utah include: mining, cattle ranching, salt production, and government services.

According to the 2007 State New Economy Index, Utah is ranked the top state in the nation for Economic Dynamism, determined by

"The degree to which state economies are knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, information technology-driven and innovation-based."

In eastern Utah petroleum production is a major industry.[34] Near Salt Lake City, petroleum refining is done by a number of oil companies. In central Utah, coal production accounts for much of the mining activity.

Utah collects personal income tax within 6 income brackets. The state sales tax has a base rate of 6.45 percent,[35] with cities and counties levying additional local sales taxes that vary among the municipalities. Property taxes are assessed and collected locally. Utah does not charge intangible property taxes and does not impose an inheritance tax.

[edit] Tourism
Tourism is a major industry in Utah and is well known for its year-round outdoor and recreational activities among other attractions. With five national parks (Arches, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Zion), Utah has the third most national parks of any state after Alaska and California. In addition, Utah features seven national monuments, two national recreation areas, six national forests, and numerous state parks and monuments.

The Moab area, in the southeastern part of the state, is known for its challenging mountain biking trails, including Slickrock. Moab also hosts the famous Moab Jeep Safari semiannually.

Utah is well known for its winter activities and has seen an increase in tourism since the 2002 Winter Olympics. Park City is home to the United States Ski Team. Utah's ski resorts are primarily located in northern Utah near Salt Lake City, Park City, Ogden, and Provo. In 2009, for a third year in a row, Deer Valley, in Park City, has been ranked the top ski resort in North America by more than 20,000 subscribers of Ski Magazine.[36] In addition to having prime snow conditions and world-class amenities, Northern Utah's ski resorts are well liked among tourists for their convenience and proximity to a large city and International Airport, as well as the close proximity to other ski resorts, allowing skiers the ability to ski at multiple locations in one day. This is in contrast to most other states with large ski industries, where resorts are more often located in remote locations, away from large cities, and more spread apart. The 2009 Ski Magazine reader survey concluded that six out of the top ten resorts deemed most "accessible" and six out of the top ten with the best snow conditions were located in Utah [37]. In Southern Utah, Brian Head Ski Resort is located in the mountains near Cedar City. Former Olympic venues including Utah Olympic Park and Utah Olympic Oval are still in operation for training and competition and allows the public to participate in numerous activities including ski jumping, bobsleigh, and speed skating.

Utah features many cultural attractions such as Temple Square, the Sundance Film Festival, the DOCUTAH Film Festival, and the Utah Shakespearean Festival. Temple Square is ranked as the 16th most visited tourist attraction in the United States by Forbes Magazine, with over five million annual visitors.[38]

Other attractions include Monument Valley, the Great Salt Lake, the Bonneville Salt Flats, and Lake Powell.

[edit] Mining

Bingham Canyon Mine southwest of Salt Lake City.Beginning in the late 19th century with the state's mining boom (including the Bingham Canyon Mine, among the world's largest open pit mines), companies attracted large numbers of immigrants with job opportunities. Since the days of the Utah Territory mining has played a major role in Utah's economy. Historical mining towns include Mercur in Tooele County, Silver Reef in Washington County, Eureka in Juab County, Park City in Summit County and numerous coal mining camps throughout Carbon County such as Castle Gate, Spring Canyon, and Hiawatha. These settlements were characteristic of the boom and bust cycle that dominated mining towns of the American West. During the early part of the Cold War era, uranium was mined in eastern Utah. Today mining activity still plays a major role in the state's economy. Minerals mined in Utah include copper, gold, silver, molybdenum, zinc, lead, and beryllium. Fossil fuels including coal, petroleum, and natural gas continue to play a major role in Utah's economy, especially in the eastern part of the state in counties such as Carbon, Emery, Grand, and Uintah.[39]

[edit] Transportation
Further information: List of state highways in Utah and Utah Transit Authority

Utah state welcome sign
Map of Utah, showing major cities and roadsI-15 and I-80 are the main interstate highways in the state, where they intersect and briefly merge near downtown Salt Lake City. I-15 traverses the entire state north-to-south, entering from Arizona near St. George, traversing the entire Wasatch Front, and exiting into Idaho near Portage. I-80 spans northern Utah east-to-west, entering from Nevada at Wendover, crossing the Wasatch Mountains east of Salt Lake City, and entering Wyoming near Evanston. I-84 West enters from Idaho near Snowville (from Boise) and merges with I-15 from Tremonton to Ogden, then heads southeast through the Wasatch Mountains before terminating at I-80 near Echo Junction.

I-70 splits from I-15 at Cove Fort in central Utah and heads east through mountains and rugged desert terrain, providing quick access to the many national parks and national monuments of southern Utah, and has been noted for its beauty. The 103 mile (163 km) stretch from Salina to Green River is the longest stretch of interstate in the country without services, and, when completed in 1970, was also the longest stretch of entirely new highway constructed in the U.S. since the Alaska Highway was completed in 1943.


U.S. Route 6 in Emery CountyA light rail system in the Salt Lake Valley, known as TRAX, consists of two lines, both ending in Downtown Salt Lake City, with one heading to the suburb of Sandy and the other to the University of Utah. The system is currently undergoing an expansion that will see the completion of four additional lines by 2014. The Utah Transit Authority (UTA), which operates TRAX, also operates a bus system that stretches across the Wasatch Front and west into Tooele, and also provides winter service to the ski resorts east of Salt Lake City. Several bus companies provide access to the ski resorts in winter, and local bus companies also serve Logan, St. George and Cedar City. A commuter rail line known as FrontRunner currently operates between Salt Lake City and Pleasant View, and is also currently undergoing an expansion south to Provo. Amtrak's California Zephyr, with one train in each direction daily, runs east-west through Utah with stops in Green River, Helper, Provo, and Salt Lake City.

Salt Lake City International Airport is the only international airport in the state and serves as a hub of Delta Air Lines. The airport has consistently ranked first in on-time departures and had the fewest cancellations among U.S. airports.[40] The airport currently has non-stop service to over 100 destinations throughout the United States, Canada, and Mexico, as well as to Paris and Tokyo. Canyonlands Field (near Moab), Cedar City Regional Airport, St. George Municipal Airport, and Vernal-Uintah County Airport all provide limited commercial air service. Ground has recently been broken on creating a new, larger regional airport in St. George, due to the rapidly-growing population and the lack of room for expansion for the current airport. Completion is expected in 2011. SkyWest Airlines is also headquartered in St. George and maintains a hub at Salt Lake City.

[edit] Law and government
[show]Utah State Symbols
Animate insignia
Bird(s) California Gull
Fish Bonneville Cutthroat Trout
Flower(s) Sego Lily
Grass Indian ricegrass
Insect European Honey Bee
Mammal(s) Rocky Mountain Elk
Tree Blue Spruce

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Inanimate insignia
Dance Square Dance
Dinosaur Allosaurus
Gemstone Topaz
Mineral Copper
Rock Coal
Ship(s) USS Utah (BB-31)
Slogan(s) "Life Elevated"
Song(s) Utah, This is the Place
Tartan Utah State Tartan

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Route marker(s)


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State Quarter

Released in 2007

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Lists of United States state insignia
Further information: List of Utah Governors, List of Utah State Legislatures, Utah State Senate, and Utah State House of Representatives
Utah government, like most U.S. states, is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The current governor of Utah is Gary Herbert,[41] who was sworn in on August 11, 2009. The governor is elected for a four year term. The Utah State Legislature consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives. State senators serve four year terms and representatives two year terms. The Utah Legislature meets each year in January for an annual forty-five day session. The Utah Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Utah. It consists of five justices, who are appointed by the governor, and then subject to retention election. The Utah Court of Appeals handles cases from the trial courts.[42] Trial level courts are the district courts and justice courts. All justices and judges, like those on the Utah Supreme Court, are subject to retention election after appointment.

[edit] Counties
Utah is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties. As of 1918 there were 29 counties in the state, ranging from 611 to 7933 square miles.

[hide]UTAH COUNTIES
County name County seat Year founded 2008 U.S. Census Est. Percent of Total Area (Sq. Mi.)
Beaver Beaver 1856 6,162 0.23 % 2,592 3.05 %
Box Elder Brigham City 1856 49,015 1.79 % 6,729 7.93 %
Cache Logan 1856 112,616 4.12 % 1,173 1.38 %
Carbon Price 1894 19,549 0.71 % 1,485 1.75 %
Daggett Manila 1918 938 0.03 % 723 0.85 %
Davis Farmington 1852 295,332 10.79 % 634 0.75 %
Duchesne Duchesne 1915 16,861 0.62 % 3,256 3.84 %
Emery Castle Dale 1880 10,510 0.38 % 4,462 5.26 %
Garfield Panguitch 1882 4,658 0.17 % 5,208 6.13 %
Grand Moab 1890 9,589 0.35 % 3,694 4.35 %
Iron Parowan 1852 44,540 1.63 % 3,302 3.89 %
Juab Nephi 1852 9,983 0.36 % 3,406 4.01 %
Kane Kanab 1864 6,577 0.24 % 4,108 4.84 %
Millard Fillmore 1852 12,082 0.44 % 6,828 8.04 %
Morgan Morgan 1862 8,669 0.32 % 611 0.72 %
Piute Junction 1865 1,404 0.05 % 766 0.90 %
Rich Randolph 1868 2,205 0.08 % 1,086 1.28 %
Salt Lake Salt Lake City 1852 1,022,651 37.37 % 808 0.95 %
San Juan Monticello 1880 15,055 0.55 % 7,933 9.34 %
Sanpete Manti 1852 25,520 0.93 % 1,603 1.89 %
Sevier Richfield 1865 20,014 0.73 % 1,918 2.26 %
Summit Coalville 1854 36,100 1.32 % 1,882 2.22 %
Tooele Tooele 1852 56,941 2.08 % 7,287 8.58 %
Uintah Vernal 1880 29,885 1.09 % 4,499 5.30 %
Utah Provo 1852 530,837 19.40 % 2,141 5.30 %
Wasatch Heber 1862 21,066 0.77 % 1,209 1.42 %
Washington St. George 1852 137,589 5.03 % 2,430 2.86 %
Wayne Loa 1892 2,509 0.09 % 2,589 2.90 %
Weber Ogden 1852 227,487 8.31 % 659 0.78 %
Total Counties: 29 Total 2008 Population est.: 2,736,424 Total State Area: 84,898 square miles

[edit] Women's rights
Utah granted full voting rights to women in 1870, 26 years before becoming a state. Among all U.S. states, only Wyoming granted suffrage to women earlier.[43] However, in 1872 the initial Edmunds-Tucker Act was passed by Congress in an effort to curtail excessive Mormon influence in the territorial government. One of the provisions of the Act was the repeal of women's suffrage; full suffrage was not returned until Utah was admitted to the Union in 1896. (See Women's suffrage in Utah.)

Utah is one of the 15 states that has not ratified the U.S. Equal Rights Amendment.[44]

[edit] Constitution
The constitution of Utah was enacted in 1895. Notably, the constitution outlawed polygamy, as requested by Congress when Utah had applied for statehood, and reestablished the territorial practice of women's suffrage. Utah's Constitution has been amended many times since its inception.[45]

[edit] Other laws
Utah is also one of only 2 states in the United States to outlaw all forms of gambling; the other is Hawaii. Utah is an alcoholic beverage control state. The Utah Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control regulates the sale of alcohol; wine and spirituous liquors may only be purchased at state liquor stores, and local laws may prohibit the sale of beer and other alcoholic beverages on Sundays. The state bans the sale of fruity alcoholic drinks at grocery stores and convenience stores. The law states that such drinks must now have new state-approved labels on the front of the products that contain capitalized letters in bold type telling consumers the drinks contain alcohol and at what percentage.

[edit] Politics
Presidential election results[46] Year Republican Democrat
2008 62.25% 596,030 34.22% 327,670
2004 71.54% 663,742 26.00% 241,199
2000 66.83% 515,096 26.34% 203,053
1996 54.37% 361,911 33.30% 221,633
1992 43.36% 322,632 24.65% 183,429
1988 66.22% 428,442 32.05% 207,343
1984 74.50% 469,105 24.68% 155,369
1980 72.77% 439,687 20.57% 124,266
1976 62.44% 337,908 33.65% 182,110
1972 67.64% 323,643 26.39% 126,284
1968 56.49% 238,728 37.07% 156,665
1964 45.14% 180,682 54.86% 219,628
1960 54.81% 205,361 45.17% 169,248

The Utah State Capitol, Salt Lake City.
The Scott Matheson Courthouse is the seat of the Utah Supreme CourtHistorically, politics in Utah have been controversial, such as the Federal government versus the LDS Church on the issue of polygamy. The LDS Church discontinued plural marriage in 1890, and in 1896 Utah gained admission to the Union. Many new people settled the area soon after the Mormon pioneers. Relations have often been strained between the LDS population and the non-LDS population.[47] These tensions played a large part in Utah's history, such as (Liberal Party vs. People's Party).

Both of Utah's U.S. Senators, Orrin Hatch and Robert Foster Bennett, are Republican. Two more Republicans, Rob Bishop and Jason Chaffetz, as well as one member of the Democratic Party, Jim Matheson, represent Utah in the United States House of Representatives. After Jon Huntsman, Jr., resigned to serve as U.S. Ambassador to China, Gary Herbert was sworn in as governor on August 11, 2009.

While the LDS church maintains an official policy of neutrality in regards to political parties and candidates,[29] Utah votes predominately Republican. Self-identified Latter-day Saints are more likely to vote for the Republican ticket than non-Mormons, and Utah is one of the most Republican states in the nation.[48] The connection between the LDS Church and the Republican Party of Utah is controversial.[expand]

In the 1970s, then-Apostle Ezra Taft Benson was quoted by the Associated Press that it would be difficult for a faithful Latter-day Saint to be a liberal Democrat.[49] Although the LDS Church has officially repudiated such statements on many occasions, Democratic candidates—including LDS Democrats—believe that Republicans capitalize on the perception that the Republican Party is doctrinally superior.[50] Political scientist and pollster Dan Jones explains this disparity by noting that the national Democratic Party is associated with liberal positions on gay rights and abortion, both of which the LDS Church is against.[51] The Republican Party in heavily Mormon Utah County presents itself as the superior choice for Latter-day Saints. Even though Utahn Democratic candidates are predominantly LDS, socially conservative, and pro-life, no Democrat has won in Utah County since 1994.[52] David Magleby, dean of Social and Behavioral Sciences at Brigham Young University, a lifelong Democrat and a political analyst, asserts that the Republican Party actually has more conservative positions than the LDS Church. Magleby argues that the locally conservative Democrats are in better accord with LDS doctrine.[53] For example, the Republican Party of Utah opposes almost all abortions while Utah Democrats take a more liberal approach, although more conservative than their national counterparts. On Second Amendment issues, the state GOP has been at odds with the LDS Church position opposing concealed firearms in places of worship.

In 1998 the Church expressed concern that Utahns perceived the Republican Party as an LDS institution and authorized lifelong Democrat and Seventy Marlin Jensen to promote LDS bipartisanship.[49]

Utah is much more conservative than the United States as a whole, particularly on social issues. Compared to other Republican-dominated states in the Mountain West such as Wyoming, Utah politics have a more moralistic and less libertarian character according to David Magleby.[54]

Governor elections results Year Republican Democratic
2008 78% 734,049 20% 186,503
2004 57% 473,814 42% 350,841
2000 56% 422,357 43% 320,141
1996 75% 500,293 24% 155,294
Salt Lake County Mayor Year Republican Democratic
2008 32% 114,097 66% 233,655
2004 44% 144,928 48% 157,287
2000 52% 158,787 47% 144,011
Senator Bennett results Year Republican Democratic
2004 69% 626,640 28% 258,955
1998 64% 316,652 33% 163,172
Senator Hatch results Year Republican Democratic
2006 63% 356,238 31% 177,459
2000 66% 501,925 32% 241,129



About 80% of Utah's Legislature are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,[55] while they account for 61 percent of the population.[28] Since becoming a state in 1896, Utah has had only two non-Mormon governors.[56]

In 2006, the legislature passed legislation aimed at banning joint-custody for a non-biological parent of a child. The custody measure passed the legislature and was vetoed by the governor, a reciprocal benefits supporter.

Carbon County's Democrats are generally made up of members of the large Greek, Italian, and Southeastern European communities, whose ancestors migrated in the early 1900s to work in the extensive mining industry. The views common amongst this group are heavily influenced by labor politics, particularly of the New Deal Era.[57]

The Democrats of Summit County are the by-product of the migration of wealthy families from California in the 1990s to the ski resort town of Park City; their views are generally supportive of the economic policies favored by unions and the social policies favored by the liberals.

The state's most Republican areas tend to be Utah County, which is the home to Brigham Young University in the city of Provo, and nearly all the rural counties.[58][59] These areas generally hold socially conservative views in line with that of the national Religious Right.

The state has not voted for a Democrat for president since 1964. Historically, Republican presidential nominees score one of their best margins of victory here. Utah was the Republicans' best state in the 1976,[60] 1980,[61] 1984,[62] 1988,[63] 1996,[64] 2000,[65] and 2004[66] elections. In 1992, Utah was the only state in the nation where Democratic candidate Bill Clinton finished behind both Republican candidate George H. W. Bush and Independent candidate Ross Perot.[67] In 2004, Republican George W. Bush won every county in the state and Utah gave him his largest margin of victory of any state. He won the state's five electoral votes by a margin of 46 percentage points with 71.5% of the vote. In the 1996 Presidential elections the Republican candidate received a smaller 54% of the vote while the Democrat earned 34%.[68]

Further information: Political party strength in Utah
[edit] Important cities and towns

Salt Lake City
Logan
Ogden
Park City
Provo
Sandy
St. GeorgeMain articles: List of cities in Utah and List of cities in Utah (by population)
See also: Utah locations by per capita income
Utah's population is concentrated in two areas, the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, with a population of over 2 million; and southwestern Utah, locally known as "Dixie", with nearly 150,000 residents.

According the 2000 Census, Utah was the fourth fastest growing state (at 29.6 percent) in the United States between 1990 and 2000. St. George, in the southwest, is the second-fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States, trailing Greeley, Colorado.

The state's two fastest growing counties are: Summit (at 91.6 percent; ranking it 8th in the country) and Washington (at 86.1 percent; ranking it 12th). The cities (defined as having at least 9,000 residents in 2000) that saw the greatest increases between 1990 and 2000 were: Draper (248 percent), South Jordan (141 percent), Lehi (125 percent), Riverton (122 percent), and Syracuse (102 percent). Between 1990 and 2000 the five fastest-growing cities of any size were Cedar Hills (302 percent), Draper (248 percent), Woodland Hills (213 percent), Ivins (173 percent), and South Jordan (141 percent). According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the five fastest-growing cities of any size between 2000 and 2008 were Saratoga Springs (1,501%), Herriman (1,061%), Eagle Mountain (934%), Cedar Hills (209%), and Lehi (146%).

Utah
Rank City Population
(2008)
within
city limits Land
area Population
density
(/mi²) Population
density
(/km²) County
1 Salt Lake City 181,698 109.1 sq mi (283 km2) 1,666.1 630 Salt Lake
2 West Valley City 123,447 35.4 sq mi (92 km2) 3,076.3 1236 Salt Lake
3 Provo 118,581 39.6 sq mi (103 km2) 2,653.2 1106 Utah
4 West Jordan 104,447 30.9 sq mi (80 km2) 2,211.3 1143 Salt Lake
5 Sandy 96,660 22.3 sq mi (58 km2) 3,960.5 1551 Salt Lake
6 Orem 93,250 18.4 sq mi (48 km2) 4,572.6 1881 Utah
7 Ogden 82,865 26.6 sq mi (69 km2) 2,899.2 1137 Weber
8 St. George 72,718 64.4 sq mi (167 km2) 771.2 385 Washington
9 Layton 65,514 20.7 sq mi (54 km2) 2,823.9 1153 Davis
10 Taylorsville 58,785 10.7 sq mi (28 km2) 5,376.1 2094 Salt Lake
Combined statistical area Population
(2007)
Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem-Ogden-Clearfield
comprises:
Salt Lake City , Provo-Orem and Ogden-Clearfield Metropolitan Areas and
Brigham City and Heber Micropolitan Areas (as listed below) 2,210,816
Utah
Rank Metropolitan area Population
(2008) Counties
1 Salt Lake City* 1,115,692 Salt Lake, Tooele, Summit
2 Provo-Orem 540,820 Utah
3 Ogden-Clearfield* 531,488 Weber, Davis, Morgan
4 St. George 137,589 Washington
5 Logan 125,070 Cache, Franklin (Idaho)

Until 2003, the Salt Lake City and Ogden-Clearfield metropolitan areas were considered as a single metropolitan area.[69]
Utah
Rank Micropolitan area Population
(2008)
1 Brigham City 49,015
2 Cedar City 44,540
3 Vernal 29,885
4 Heber 21,066
5 Price 19,549

[edit] Colleges and universities
Main article: List of colleges and universities in Utah
Brigham Young University in Provo (satellite campus in Salt Lake City)
Certified Career Institute in Salt Lake City and Clearfield
College of Eastern Utah in Price
Dixie State College of Utah (formerly Dixie College) in St. George
Eagle Gate College in Murray and Layton
ITT Technical Institute in Murray
LDS Business College in Salt Lake City
Neumont University in South Jordan
Provo College in Provo
Salt Lake Community College in Taylorsville
Snow College in Ephraim and Richfield
Southern Utah University (formerly Southern Utah State College) in Cedar City
Stevens-Henager College at various locations statewide
University of Phoenix at various locations statewide
University of Utah in Salt Lake City
Utah State University in Logan (satellite campuses at various state locations)
Utah Valley University in Orem
Weber State University in Ogden
Western Governors University an online university, begun by former Utah Governor, Michael O. Leavitt
Westminster College in Salt Lake City


[edit] Sports
Main article: Professional sports teams based in Utah
The Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association play in the EnergySolutions Arena[70] in Salt Lake City. Utah is the least populous U.S. state to have a major professional sports league franchise, although the District of Columbia has fewer people. Other teams include the Utah Blaze of the Arena Football League.

Real Salt Lake of Major League Soccer play in Rio Tinto Stadium in Sandy.
Salt Lake Bees of the Pacific Coast League in Spring Mobile Ballpark in Salt Lake City.
Ogden Raptors of the Pioneer League in Lindquist Field in Ogden.
Orem Owlz of the Pioneer League in Brent Brown Ballpark in Orem.
Utah Grizzlies of the ECHL in the E Center in West Valley City.
Utah Blaze of the Arena Football League at the EnergySolutions Arena in Salt Lake City.
Utah Blitz of the Minor League Football Association at Rice-Eccles Stadium in Salt Lake City.
Utah Flash of the NBA Development League in Orem.
St. George RoadRunners of the Golden Baseball League.
Utah is represented in college sports, mainly by the three largest universities in the state: Utah, BYU, and Utah State.
[edit] Miscellaneous
Lists of miscellaneous information should be avoided. Please relocate any relevant information into appropriate sections or articles. (December 2008)

Popular recreational destinations within the mountains besides the ski resorts include Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area, Timpanogos Cave National Monument, Bear Lake, and Jordanelle, Strawberry, Pineview Reservoir, East Canyon, and Rockport reservoirs. The mountains are popular camping, rock-climbing, skiing, snowboarding, and hiking destinations.
The USS Utah, sunk at Pearl Harbor, was named in honor of this state. The dinosaur Utahraptor was also named after this state.
The Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster is built and serviced by the Thiokol division of ATK, which has its facilities in Promontory Point. Boosters are tested periodically at a proving grounds in the Wasatch Range.
According to a study based on prescription claims from one mail-order pharmaceutical provider,[71] Utah (as of 2000) ranked first in antidepressant and narcotic painkiller use, and was in the top three for prescriptions for thyroid medications, anticonvulsants and anti-rheumatics.[72] While Utah once ranked first in personal bankruptcies per capita in the US, this is no longer true (as of 2005).[73] It ranks 47th in teenage pregnancy, last in percentage of births out of wedlock, last in number of abortions per capita, and last in percentage of teen pregnancies terminated in abortion. Statistics relating to pregnancies and abortions may be artificially low from teenagers going out of state for abortions because of parental notification requirements.[74][75] Utah has the lowest child poverty rate in the country, despite its young demographics.[76]
A 2009 study published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives found that Utah was the largest consumer of paid pornography per capita in the United States. The study found that pornography subscriptions are more prevalent in states where surveys indicate conservative positions on religion, gender roles, and sexuality.[77]
According to Internal Revenue Service tax returns, Utahns rank first among all U.S. states in the proportion of income given to charity by the wealthy.[76]
According to the Corporation for National and Community Service, Utah has the highest rate of volunteerism. On average, Utah's 792,000 volunteers dedicated 146.9 million hours of service per year (between 2005 and 2007). The estimated economic contribution of the volunteer hours served is $2.9 billion annually.[78]
Jell-O is the official snack food of Utah, and Utah is in the center of the "Jell-O Belt"[79], which refers to the Mormon Corridor.
Mexican President Vicente Fox visited Salt Lake City, Utah, on May 23, 2006, as the first stop on his trip to the United States, which also included stops in California and Washington state. It is unusual for a foreign head of state to visit Utah (except for the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics). The LDS Church also has a large presence in Mexico, with 1,082,427 members as of 2008,[80] although only about 205,000 professed to be LDS in the 2000 census of Mexico.[81]
[edit] Branding

Cache Valley and Wasatch Range.The state of Utah relies heavily on income from tourists and travelers taking advantage of the state's ski resorts and natural beauty, and thus the need to "brand" Utah and create an impression of the state throughout the world has led to several state slogans, the most famous of which being "The Greatest Snow on Earth", which has been in use in Utah officially since 1975 (although the slogan was in unofficial use as early as 1962) and now adorns nearly 50 percent of the state's license plates. In 2001, Utah Governor Mike Leavitt approved a new state slogan, "Utah! Where Ideas Connect", which lasted until March 10, 2006, when the Utah Travel Council and the office of Governor Jon Huntsman announced that "Life Elevated" would be the new state slogan.[82]

[edit] In entertainment
Utah is the setting of or the filming location for many books, films,[83] television series,[83] music videos, and video games. A selective list of each appears below.

[edit] Books
Harry Turtledove's Timeline-191, which is set in a North America where the South won the Civil War, mentions Utah several times. The state's Mormon population rebels against the United States in an attempt to create the Nation of Deseret throughout the series, which results in battles in and around Salt Lake City, Provo, and other locations.
In Around the World in Eighty Days, the characters pass through Utah by train.
The children's series The Great Brain is set in a fictional town that is based on Price, Utah.
Edward Abbey's The Monkey Wrench Gang is set in Southern Utah and Northern Arizona. The characters' ultimate goal is the destruction of the Glen Canyon Dam.
Much of Walter M. Miller, Jr.'s post-apocalyptic novel A Canticle for Leibowitz is set near or directly within Utah. The "hero" of the first part of the novel, the novice Brother Francis Gerard, is from Utah.
In the second of four books based on the video game Doom much of the story takes place in Salt Lake City.
Jack Kerouac's semi-autobiographical novel On the Road (arguably the most defining work of the post-WWII Beat Generation) describes traveling through Utah as part of a number of spontaneous road trips taken by the book's main characters. Additionally, the character of Dean Moriarty (like his real life counterpart Neal Cassady) was born in Salt Lake City. While many of the names and details of Kerouac's experiences are changed, the characters and road trips in the novel are based heavily on road trips taken by Kerouac and his friends across mid-20th century America.
[edit] Film

Monument Valley in southeastern Utah. This area was used to film many Hollywood Westerns.See also: Category:Films shot in Utah

Scenes from the 2009 Star Trek movie were filmed in San Rafael Swell as backdrops for the planet Vulcan.[84]
S. Darko was filmed in Magna and Tooele.
Broken Arrow was filmed in Moab.
Some scenes in the beginning of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade were filmed in Moab.
Scenes from Dumb and Dumber were filmed in Utah.
High School Musical was shot at East High School.
High School Musical 2 was filmed in Salt Lake City and St. George.
High School Musical 3: Senior Year was filmed in Salt Lake City at East High School.
Minute Men was filmed at Murray High School.
Scenes of The Charlotte from National Treasure were filmed at Strawberry Reservoir.
Dadnapped was filmed in Magna.
Footloose was shot in Payson and Lehi.
Three O'Clock High was shot at Ogden High School.
Independence Day
The Core was shot in Salt Lake City.
Con Air
Drive Me Crazy was shot at Ogden High School.
Don't Look Under the Bed was shot at Ogden High School.
Parts of The Hulk were shot in Moab.
Carnival of Souls
The Cheyenne Social Club
Harry in Your Pocket
Halloween II was filmed in Midvale.
Head, (The Monkees)
The World's Fastest Indian
Jeremiah Johnson
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
The Eiger Sanction
The Electric Horseman
The Car
A Life Less Ordinary
Scenes from the 2001 Disney Channel Original Movie, The Luck of the Irish were filmed at Lagoon Amusement Park in Farmington.
Airport 1975
2001: A Space Odyssey
Easy Rider
Electra Glide in Blue
How the West Was Won
Stagecoach
The Trial of Billy Jack
Windtalkers
Fletch
National Lampoon's Vacation
Rio Grande, (John Wayne, John Ford)
Mission: Impossible II
Octopussy
Thelma & Louise was filmed in Moab, near Arches National Park and Dead Horse Point State Park.
The Sandlot was filmed in Ogden and Midvale.
Galaxy Quest
The opening scene of Species was filmed in Brigham City.
Some parts of Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest and Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End were shot at the Bonneville Salt Flats.
Utah is driven through and mentioned in Anywhere but Here.
Mobsters and Mormons
The Big J's Burger scenes in Napoleon Dynamite were filmed in Richmond, Utah.
The ButterCream Gang was filmed in Draper, Utah.
Joy Ride was filmed in Utah, according to the movie.
SLC Punk! takes place in Salt Lake City.
Rubin and Ed was filmed by director Trent Harris in Salt Lake City.
RV scenes were shot in southern Utah.
Many Disney Channel Original Movies
Scenes from Denizen (2010 film) were filmed near Salt Lake City and the Tooele area.

The Uinta Mountains, an extension of the Rocky Mountains, runs east to west and has several peaks over 13,000 feet (4,000 m) above sea level. This is Kings Peak, the highest point in Utah.[edit] Television
The series Donny & Marie show, and The Osmond Family Show Were primarily filmed at the former Osmond Studios, in Orem, Utah
In the Doctor Who episode "Dalek", Utah was the base of operations for the character Henry van Statten.
In Prison Break, D. B. Cooper buried his money under a silo in the Utah desert, somewhere near Tooele. Much of the first half of the second season involves the characters attempting to reach Utah and recovering the money.
In the series The Visitor, the main character's spaceship was shot down and crash-landed in the mountains east of Salt Lake City.
Everwood was filmed in Park City, Ogden and South Salt Lake.
Regular production for Touched by an Angel was based in Salt Lake City.
The CBS series Promised Land was filmed in a closed set in Salt Lake City.
Big Love, an HBO television drama about a polygamous family, is set in Utah.
In an episode of The Simpsons, Bart and his girlfriend drive to Utah to get married, because of the marriage laws. In another episode, the Simpsons attend the Sundance Film Festival in Park City.
In an episode of the Nickelodeon sitcom Drake and Josh, after accidentally killing his sister's rare Cuban hamster, Josh Peck's character packs to move to Utah because "Nothing bad ever happens in Utah."
The Stand, a TV mini-series, was filmed at multiple locations in Salt Lake and Tooele counties. The scene where the deaf character (Nick) meets the slow-witted character (Tom Cullen) was filmed on Main Street, in Midvale
Hannah Montana & Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert was filmed in Salt Lake City at the EnergySolutions Arena on October 26 and 27, 2007.
Top Gear Series 12, episode 2 features hosts Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond and James May driving to Utah's Bonneville Salt Flats in three modern American muscle cars.
[edit] Music videos
Jon Bon Jovi - "Blaze of Glory" was shot in or around Moab, Utah.
Metallica - King Nothing and parts of "I Disappear" were filmed in Monument Valley.
The Killers - "Human" was shot in Goblin Valley.
The Offspring - "Gotta Get Away" was filmed at the Fairgrounds Coliseum.
[edit] Video games
Resistance 2 features a level in the Bryce Canyon in Utah.
Amped 3 features a level at the Snowbird Ski Resort.
Downhill Domination has six bike racing cources in Moab and in Salt Lake City.
Shaun White Snowboarding features Park City Mountain Resort.
Command & Conquer: Tiberian Sun features a level in Provo (NOD campaign).
EA Sports Big's Freekstyle game has a level called "Monumental Motoplex" in Monument Valley.
Test Drive Off-Road Wide Open features a level in Moab.

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